Туя и ее применение PDF Печать E-mail
Хвойные растения и их свойства
28.03.2011 21:07

Туя

Туя, или туйя (Thuja), — род вечнозеленых хвойных деревьев и кустарников семейства кипарисовых. Встречается 5 видов, растущих в Восточной Азии и Северной Америке. Один из них — туя западная пирамидальная (Thuja occidentalis), известная как туя Дугласа, — по внешнему виду напоминает кипарис.

У нее узкая крона. В высоту дерево достигает 15 м. Побеги тонкие, прямые и очень короткие. Ветки зеленые, похожи на листья папоротника. Хвоя болотно-зеленого цвета. На нижних веточках она рано засыхает и частично опадает. Растение хорошо переносит тень и холод. К почве и влаге нетребовательно. Легко размножается летними и зимними черенками.

Другой вид — это туя западная Розентали (Thuja occidentalis). Внешним видом напоминает ровную колонну. Вырастает до 5 м высотой. Побеги короткие, плотно расположенные, прямые, перпендикулярно стоящие. Веточки многочисленные, немного закругленные. Хвоя темно-зеленая, блестящая. Растет чрезвычайно медленно. Хорошо переносит холод. Отлично укореняется летними и зимними черенками.

В России туя выращивается только как декоративное растение, в основном это небольшие деревца и кустарники. Карликовые виды выращивают дома в горшках (искусство бонсай).

Полезные свойства туи

Плоды Туи

Имеет ограниченное применение, в основном как декоративное растение. Получаемое из туи масло содержит туйон, который является нервным ядом и обладает абортивным действием. В медицине используется в качестве стимулятора сердечной деятельности, при застойных явлениях в легких, для лечения ревматизма, бородавок и при увеличении простаты.

О. Г. Филатов
Авторы фото:
1. Tintazul
2. Aka

 
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